TRANSCEND was founded August 1993 by Johan Galtung and Fumiko Nishimura, Otto Scharmer and Katrin Käufer as a conflict mediation organization, based on Galtung’s experience with 20 conflicts over 35 years. Dietrich Fischer joined, and the real start was 19 June 1995 when Fischer and Galtung from Switzerland invited 11 others. The Executive Committee consists at present of Galtung director, Fischer co-director, Kai Frithjof Brand-Jacobsen executive secretary and Katrin Käufer treasurer. Thus, TRANSCEND is a “virtual” organization. Very frequent internal communication is mainly by e-mail.